Portada » The Israeli Parliament rejects the recognition of the Palestinian state by a large majority | International

The Israeli Parliament rejects the recognition of the Palestinian state by a large majority | International

by Isabella Walker
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This Wednesday in Parliament, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu began by saying: “I thank the deputies, including those of the opposition, for having overwhelmingly approved my proposal to reject the unilateral imposition of the creation of a state.” “. At that moment, Ahmad Tibi, leader of the Arab Taal party, interrupted him from his place:“ A Palestinian state will be created! Despite your words, it will be created! ” After two warnings he was sent off.

In this context, the Knesset gave the green light to a text, presented by Netanyahu and approved unanimously by his concentration government, which rejects both the “international dictates on a permanent agreement with the Palestinians” and the unilateral recognition of the State of Palestine. , which the UN General Assembly granted non-member observer country status in 2012. “Such a declaration after the October 7 massacre would give terrorism an unprecedented huge reward and impede any future peace agreement,” points out. Of the 120 deputies, 99 from the different political parties voted in favor of the resolution and only nine from the Arab parties voted against it.

On Monday, Netanyahu explained the importance of his initiative: “In recent days we have witnessed a new form of international pressure: an attempt to unilaterally impose the creation of a Palestinian state on us.” The expected massive support, he ventured, “will make it clear to the world that there is a broad consensus within Israel against international attempts to force us into a Palestinian state that would endanger the existence of the State of Israel. “We completely reject it.” The Palestinian Foreign Ministry released a statement describing the decision as “invalid, illegitimate and illegal” and stressing that other countries’ recognition of the State of Palestine or full membership “does not require Netanyahu’s permission.”

If the Knesset addressed the issue this Wednesday, ten years after the United Nations vote, it is precisely because the war in Gaza has brought those two ideas out of the closet: the need to promote the two-state solution, after years of attempts defense of the role of the international community; and – more timidly – ​​the recognition of the Palestinian state, which has a predominantly symbolic dimension. Israel calls it unilateral because it does not take place within the framework of a negotiated peace agreement.

Currently, 139 of the 193 member states of the United Nations recognize the State of Palestine, with a clear divide between the West – which generally does not – and the rest of the world, including two permanent members of the Security Council: China and Russia. Palestine has observer status because full membership depended on a yes vote from the Security Council. It wasn’t even voted on with the certainty that at least the United States would veto it.

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Several national parliaments of EU countries, such as Spain, then passed motions to recognize him. In the end, Sweden was the only EU country that did so after joining the Union, but it did not generate the domino effect that was expected. She was left alone and the momentum ended up being diluted.

Now Spain is considering emulating it on its own. “We would like to do it with the greatest possible consensus within the EU, but, obviously, we are not ruling anything out.” […]. Spain is a sovereign state and makes its decisions sovereignly,” Foreign Minister José Manuel Albares said in Parliament last month.

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What was truly worrying, however, this Wednesday in the Knesset was the information, later denied, that the great American ally – which this Tuesday vetoed for the third time a proposal for a ceasefire in Gaza at the UN after more than four months of war – was considering recognizing Palestinian statehood as part of a plan to promote peace in the region. This was seen in the speech in Parliament by the former prime minister and leader of the opposition, Yair Lapid, when he explained his position to Netanyahu: “I have no problem voting in favor. We are against unilateral measures [pero] You invented a threat that doesn’t exist. […] My ties to the American administration are better than yours and it’s a hoax. “There is no official actor in the world that proposes unilateral recognition of the Palestinian state.”

The other idea that has gained traction is the need to take the two-state solution seriously to end the conflict in the Middle East. The head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell, even states that “it must be imposed from abroad”. Netanyahu rejects it, as he recalled last Monday, boasting of having stopped it during his political career, even though he defended it verbally, under pressure from the then president of the United States, Barack Obama: “Everyone knows that it was me who for decades it has blocked the creation of a Palestinian state.”

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